Derivatives

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What Are Derivatives?

Bring flexibility to your investments in fast-changing financial markets!

Derivatives are products whose value derives from and is dependent on the value of an underlying asset. Derivatives are used to provide risk protection or increase returns by way of taking a certain level of risk. Their most typical feature is the volatility arising from time differences due to maturity and price fluctuations in the spot market. Alternatif Bank offers various income-increasing products through different combinations by eliminating certain risks and making projections. 

Featured Derivatives And Their Features

Forward Transactions

A forward transaction is basically a contract made beforehand to fix exchange rates in the future. The parties agree on the contract date (value date), amount, price, and the date on which money will be exchanged (maturity), however they do not actually exchange money. If we are to define the parties as the bank and the customer, then a forward transaction should represent a loan amount issued for the customer. 

A guarantee is obtained at a certain percentage of the transaction volume to eliminate certain risks such as failure to fulfill the contract obligations. On the maturity date, both parties fulfill their obligations based on the exchange rate that they agreed upon in advance. A forward transaction is a binding contract for both parties.

Options Transactions

Basically, options can be defined as instruments that give the right to sell or buy an asset at a fixed price on an agreed date.

The most important feature of foreign exchange options, in contrast to forward contracts, is that they give the buying party the right, rather than obligating it, to buy or sell on the agreed price. Meanwhile, interest rate options are those based on securities with an interest rate.

Options issued in foreign exchange and interest transactions can be divided into different categories. Options can be issued on spot products, as well as on derivatives; e.g, options on futures contracts, options on options, or futures-type options.

Below you can find general definitions related to options.

Option premium:

Option premium is the price to be paid by the buyer to the seller in exchange for the buying and selling right established as per the option contract. In other words, it is the fee demanded by the seller against the risk that it may face during the option period as a result of drawing up the contract.

Exercise or strike price:

Exercise or strike price is the previously determined exchange rate with which foreign exchange buying and selling transactions will be performed when the option is exercised by the buyer.

Expiry date:

In European-type options; expiry date represents the date on which the buyer can exercise the option, whereas on American-type options; it represents the last date on which the buyer can exercise the option.

Structured Products

Structured products are those on which one or more of the forward, option, or exotic options are used at the same time.

SWAP

Swap is the exchange transaction between the cash flows generated by any two assets with hypothetically equal monetary value within a certain time period.

Futures

Futures is a future-date buying or selling transaction of a commodity or financial instrument on a previously agreed price. Futures contracts contain details such as the quality and quantity of a commodity, and the contract is finalised with physical delivery or cash payment on the expiry date.

Frequently Asked Questions About Derivatives

Here you may find frequently asked questions about Derivatives

How can I trade derivatives?

You can trade derivatives at Alternatif Bank Branches. Click here to find your nearest Alternatif Bank Branch.

Other Investment Products

You can also make use of your savings with our other investment products:

Mutual Funds

Boost your profits with Mutual Funds!

Eurobond

Those who wish to make long-term foreign currency investments choose Eurobond!

Derivatives Market (VIOP)

Trade in VIOP with ease through Alternatif Yatırım!

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